Archaeological excavations carried out by Tel Aviv University and funded by the Israel Land Authority prior to the expansion down the Herzliya coastline have created somewhat of a mystery as large finds in Byzantine refuse pits of pottery, glass vessels and animal bones have been discovered in excavations in the agricultural hinterland of the ancient city of Appollonia-Arsuf.
“In the midst of the many shards that were discovered in the big refuse pit was a large amount of usable artifacts, whose presence in the pit raises questions. Among other things, more than 400 coins were found which are mostly Byzantine, including one gold coin, as well as 200 whole and intact Samaritan lamps (among them lamps that were never used), rings and gold jewellery.
“Noteworthy among the jewellery is an octagonal ring with parts of verses from the Samaritan Pentateuch engraved in Samaritan script on each of its sides (one side reads ‘Adonai is his name’, another side ‘one God,’ and so on).
“Approximately a dozen Samaritan rings have been published so far in scientific literature, and this ring constitutes an important addition given the assemblage in which it was discovered.”